Politics – Each element of society has a different political culture, such as between the general public and their elites. Political culture is a system of values and beliefs that are shared by society.
Indonesian culture tends to divide sharply between elite groups and mass groups. The fact is that is what happened.
The nature and characteristics of political culture related to the issue of values are the basic principles that underlie a view of life-related to the problem of goals. Political life is a part of our daily life.
Demonstrations, preferences, elections, campaigns, and others are part of the political culture in Indonesia.
Political activity has now also entered the world of religion, economic and social activities as well as personal and social life at large.
In terms of the reality of a political culture that develops in society, Gabriel Almond classifies political culture as follows:
Parochial political culture
is a very low level of political participation caused by cognitive factors or low levels of education. The parochial political culture identifies itself with the feeling of the locality.
There is no pride in the political system. People do not pay attention to what is going on in the political system, have little knowledge of the politics system, and rarely talk about political issues or apathy.
This political culture does not indicate that the people have an interest or willingness in politics. Can found this political culture in tribal societies in underdeveloped countries such as Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
Subject political culture
is a type of culture in which people have an understanding and concern for the political system but their involvement manifests in a more passive way.
They keep abreast of political news, but are not proud of their country’s political system and feel little emotional commitment to the country. They feel uncomfortable when talking about political issues around them.
Democracy is difficult to develop in a society with a subject political culture because each of its citizens is not active. Feelings of influence on the political process arise when they have made political contact with local officials.
Participant political culture
is a society that has great attention to the political system. They have pride in the political system and are very active in discussing political conditions.
One form of political participation is demonstration, which can take the form of marches, rallies or sit-ins outside government buildings.